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K E M A L - Everything (Official Audio)

The museum was not real. The objects here did not belong to the people that the inscriptions said they did; the house did not have the history that was claimed for it; even the audio tour, asserting that the curator worked with an imaginary character, was threaded with fiction.

K E M A L - Everything (Official Audio)

EconPapers FAQ Archive maintainers FAQ Cookies at EconPapers Format for printing The RePEc blog The RePEc plagiarism page State of the Art of Audio- and Video-Based Solutions for AALSlavisa Aleksic, Michael Atanasov, Jean Calleja Agius, Kenneth Camilleri, Anto Čartolovni, Pau Climent-Pérez, Sara Colantonio, Stefania Cristina, Vladimir Despotovic, Hazim Kemal Ekenel, Ekrem Erakin, Francisco Florez-Revuelta, Danila Germanese, Nicole Grech, Steinunn Gróa Sigurđardóttir, Murat Emirzeoğlu, Ivo Iliev, Mladjan Jovanovic, Martin Kampel, William Kearns, Andrzej Klimczuk, Lambros Lambrinos, Jennifer Lumetzberger, Wiktor Mucha, Sophie Noiret, Zada Pajalic, Rodrigo Rodriguez Pérez, Galidiya Petrova, Sintija Petrovica, Peter Pocta, Angelica Poli, Mara Pudane, Susanna Spinsante, Albert Ali Salah, Maria Jose Santofimia, Anna Sigríđur Islind, Lacramioara Stoicu-Tivadar, Hilda Tellioğlu and Andrej ZgankEconStor Research Reports from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for EconomicsAbstract:It is a matter of fact that Europe is facing more and more crucial challenges regarding health and social care due to the demographic change and the current economic context. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has stressed this situation even further, thus highlighting the need for taking action. Active and Assisted Living (AAL) technologies come as a viable approach to help facing these challenges, thanks to the high potential they have in enabling remote care and support. Broadly speaking, AAL can be referred to as the use of innovative and advanced Information and Communication Technologies to create supportive, inclusive and empowering applications and environments that enable older, impaired or frail people to live independently and stay active longer in society. AAL capitalizes on the growing pervasiveness and effectiveness of sensing and computing facilities to supply the persons in need with smart assistance, by responding to their necessities of autonomy, independence, comfort, security and safety. The application scenarios addressed by AAL are complex, due to the inherent heterogeneity of the end-user population, their living arrangements, and their physical conditions or impairment. Despite aiming at diverse goals, AAL systems should share some common characteristics. They are designed to provide support in daily life in an invisible, unobtrusive and user-friendly manner. Moreover, they are conceived to be intelligent, to be able to learn and adapt to the requirements and requests of the assisted people, and to synchronise with their specific needs. Nevertheless, to ensure the uptake of AAL in society, potential users must be willing to use AAL applications and to integrate them in their daily environments and lives. In this respect, video- and audio-based AAL applications have several advantages, in terms of unobtrusiveness and information richness. Indeed, cameras and microphones are far less obtrusive with respect to the hindrance other wearable sensors may cause to one's activities. In addition, a single camera placed in a room can record most of the activities performed in the room, thus replacing many other non-visual sensors. Currently, video-based applications are effective in recognising and monitoring the activities, the movements, and the overall conditions of the assisted individuals as well as to assess their vital parameters (e.g., heart rate, respiratory rate). Similarly, audio sensors have the potential to become one of the most important modalities for interaction with AAL systems, as they can have a large range of sensing, do not require physical presence at a particular location and are physically intangible. Moreover, relevant information about individuals' activities and health status can derive from processing audio signals (e.g., speech recordings). Nevertheless, as the other side of the coin, cameras and microphones are often perceived as the most intrusive technologies from the viewpoint of the privacy of the monitored individuals. This is due to the richness of the information these technologies convey and the intimate setting where they may be deployed. Solutions able to ensure privacy preservation by context and by design, as well as to ensure high legal and ethical standards are in high demand. After the review of the current state of play and the discussion in GoodBrother, we may claim that the first solutions in this direction are starting to appear in the literature. A multidisciplinary debate among experts and stakeholders is paving the way towards AAL ensuring ergonomics, usability, acceptance and privacy preservation. The DIANA, PAAL, and VisuAAL projects are examples of this fresh approach. This report provides the reader with a review of the most recent advances in audio- and video-based monitoring technologies for AAL. It has been drafted as a collective effort of WG3 to supply an introduction to AAL, its evolution over time and its main functional and technological underpinnings. In this respect, the report contributes to the field with the outline of a new generation of ethical-aware AAL technologies and a proposal for a novel comprehensive taxonomy of AAL systems and applications. Moreover, the report allows non-technical readers to gather an overview of the main components of an AAL system and how these function and interact with the end-users. The report illustrates the state of the art of the most successful AAL applications and functions based on audio and video data, namely (i) lifelogging and self-monitoring, (ii) remote monitoring of vital signs, (iii) emotional state recognition, (iv) food intake monitoring, activity and behaviour recognition, (v) activity and personal assistance, (vi) gesture recognition, (vii) fall detection and prevention, (viii) mobility assessment and frailty recognition, and (ix) cognitive and motor rehabilitation. For these application scenarios, the report illustrates the state of play in terms of scientific advances, available products and research project. The open challenges are also highlighted. The report ends with an overview of the challenges, the hindrances and the opportunities posed by the uptake in real world settings of AAL technologies. In this respect, the report illustrates the current procedural and technological approaches to cope with acceptability, usability and trust in the AAL technology, by surveying strategies and approaches to co-design, to privacy preservation in video and audio data, to transparency and explainability in data processing, and to data transmission and communication. User acceptance and ethical considerations are also debated. Finally, the potentials coming from the silver economy are overviewed.Keywords: Active and Assisted Living; AAL applications; Data sensing and processing; Computer Vision; Audio-signal processing; Social Robotics; Human-Computer Interaction; Artificial Intelligence; Lifelogging and self- monitoring; Vital signs remote monitoring; Emotional and affective state recognition; Food intake monitoring; Activity and behaviour recognition; Activity and personal assistance; Gesture recognition; Fall detection and prevention; Mobility assessment; Frailty recognition; Cognitive and motor rehabilitation; Co-design; Silver economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)JEL-codes: J14 L86 O18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)Date: 2022New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-banReferences: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: Track citations by RSS feedDownloads: (external link) ... olutions-for-AAL.pdf (application/pdf)Related works:This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/TextPersistent link: :zbw:esrepo:251553Access Statistics for this paperMore papers in EconStor Research Reports from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Contact information at EDIRC.Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (Obfuscate( '', 'econstor-publish' )). var addthis_config = "data_track_clickback":true; var addthis_share = url:" :zbw:esrepo:251553"Share This site is part of RePEc and all the data displayed here is part of the RePEc data set. 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From wireless Internet access at cafes to the expanding popularity of smart phones, ubiquitous Internet access has generated much public demand and research. Supplying broadband Internet access for in-vehicle applications is a research area still in its infancy. This thesis examines the strengths and weaknesses of WiMAX and DSRC, two protocols that have been central in much of the research surrounding in-vehicle network access. The thesis then proposes a novel system structure that combines both of these technologies and adds a network access layer in order to provide a system structure that offers high bandwidth, bounded latency and robust support for the high levels of mobility experienced by vehicle-based users. This provides the network support for applications such as streaming audio, video and Voice over IP. The thesis also describes a demonstration system that partly implements the proposed system structure. 041b061a72


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