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Professional Group

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Hygiene And Public Health: -1910 __LINK__

5 hours - A public health dental hygiene practitioner shall complete 5 of the required 20 hours of continuing education (to comply with Dental Hygienist requirements) in public health-related courses.

Hygiene and Public Health: -1910


Experience shows that constructing water supply and sanitation facilities is not enough to improve health; sanitation and hygiene promotion must accompany the infrastructure investments to realize their full potential as a public health intervention. Changing hygiene behavior is complex. Hygiene promotion is most successful when it targets a few behaviors with the most potential for impact. Based on extensive research, WHO and UNICEF have identified hand washing with soap (or ash or other aid) after stool disposal and before preparing food; safe disposal of feces and use of latrines; and safe weaning food preparation, water handling and storage as the key hygiene behaviors. A recent review (Curtis) of all the available evidence suggests that handwashing with soap could reduce diarrhea incidence by 47% and save at least one million lives per year. This is consistent with other studies which found that 12 hand washing interventions in 9 countries achieved a median reduction in diarrhea incidence of 35% (Hill, Kirkwood and Edmond, 2001). Many of the most successful interventions provided soap to mothers, explained the oral-fecal route for disease transmission, and asked mothers to wash their hands before preparing food, and after defecation. There are fewer studies of results of interventions to improve feces disposal, but Hill et al. found a median reduction of diarrheal disease of 26% (9 studies, range 0-68%), a median reductions in all-cause child mortality of 55% (6 studies, range 20-80%) and a median reduction in mortality from diarrhea of 65% (3 studies, range 43-70%).

The public health sector can do several things, in collaboration with other sectors, to help ensure that investments in water supply and sanitation result in greater health impact. Public health promotion and education strategies are needed to change behaviors so as to realize the health benefits of improved waster supplies. Programs to improve hand washing behavior appear to be feasible and sustainable especially when they incorporate traditional hygiene practices and beliefs. There is less experience with interventions that focus on changing feces disposal behavior and the results are mixed (Hill et al 2001). New, better approaches to behavior change are being developed, including a recent project that has shown excellent results through persuading the private sector (soap manufacturers and the media) to transmit health information by advertising soap and its appropriate use to prevent diarrhea (see The Story of a Successful Public-Private Partnership in Central America: Handwashing for Diarrheal Disease Prevention, 2001).

School health programs offer a good entry point for improved water supply and sanitation facilities and for community hygiene promotion. It is a realistic goal in most countries to ensure that all schools have clean water and sanitation. This enables schools to reinforce health and hygiene messages, ensure they translate into action, and set an example to students and the community. This can lead to community demands for similar facilities.The inter-agency partnership for Focusing Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH) aims to increase access to, and improve the quality, of schools and child-friendly learning environments around the world. Guidelines and tools are being developed to help design, implement, monitor and evaluate school sanitation and hygiene components of school, health, and water and sanitation projects.Additional things the public health sector can do:

The Nevada State Board of Dental Examiners would like to thank you for inquiring about the dental hygiene special health endorsement in the State of Nevada. You may download the application for a special public health endorsement by choosing the appropriate link below.

Health and hygiene in public spaces is the art and science of public health that can protect the population as a whole. Health and hygiene in public spaces involves preventing and controlling the spread of communicable diseases, promoting physical health and personal hygiene, as well as maintaining a sanitary environment for the public.[1]

Where a group of people are using the same space, there is a greater risk of diseases and infections being spread. The conscious effort of keeping public spaces clean and sanitary with the addition of individuals maintaining their own personal hygiene can significantly improve the growth and quality of life in communities. It can also reduce the risk in different chronic diseases being spread amongst the population.[2]

However, this is where COVID-19 makes us all take a second look at our personal hygiene and the hygiene of public spaces. With over 33 million cases worldwide as of the end of September 2020, and infection rates continuing to persist around the globe [3] the importance of public health and hygiene has never been so important.

There are several basic rules to public sanitation and cleanliness. Some of the efforts in maintaining a sanitary public environment include sustaining a proper cleaning routine; cleaning of areas in use to the public, the removal and disposal of litter, the addition of more accessible waste disposal options, as well as developing a sense of responsibility in the community to keep themselves conscious of their hygiene and public spaces they come into contact with.

The Southwest Center for Occupational and Environmental Health offers the UTHealth School of Public Health MPH Industrial Hygiene degree. The program has an interdisciplinary curriculum that is focused on preparing students for an industrial hygiene career within the public health sector. Graduates of the program are able to evaluate, plan, implement, and manage programs and services that improve the health and safety of workers.

The MS in Industrial Hygiene degree from Montana Tech is a good option for students already working in the public health field. The industrial hygiene masters online program allows students to continue managing personal obligations or career obligations while they work on their degree. It focuses on teaching students to apply problem-solving skills to industrial and professional environments with the goal of reducing risks to workers. The program teaches students to recognize risks and then evaluate the potential solutions before presenting a strategy to employers.

(a) Scope of professional practice. A public health dental hygiene practitioner may perform the dental hygiene services set forth in 33.205(a)(2)—(6) (relating to practice as a dental hygienist) in the practice settings identified in subsection (c) without the authorization, assignment or examination by a dentist. A public health dental hygiene practitioner may perform the dental hygiene services set forth in 33.205(a)(1) and (7) in accordance with 33.205(d). (b) Requirement of referral. A public health dental hygiene practitioner shall refer each patient to a licensed dentist on an annual basis. Documentation of the referral must be maintained in the patient’s dental record. The failure of the patient to see a dentist as referred will not prevent the public health dental hygiene practitioner from continuing to provide dental hygiene services to the patient within the scope of professional practice set forth in subsection (a). (c) Practice settings. A public health dental hygiene practitioner may perform dental hygiene services without the supervision of a dentist in the following practice settings: (1) Public and private educational institutions that provide elementary and secondary instruction to school aged children under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Education, and in accordance with all applicable provisions of the Public School Code of 1949 (24 P.S. 1-101—27-2702), the regulations relating to the certification of professional personnel in 22 Pa. Code Chapter 49 (relating to certification of professional personnel), and the regulations of the Department of Health in 28 Pa. Code 23.35 (relating to dental hygienists). (2) Correctional facilities. For purposes of this section, correctional facilities include Federal prisons and other institutions under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons which are located within this Commonwealth; institutions, motivational boot camps and community corrections centers operated or contracted by the Department of Corrections; and jails, prisons, detention facilities or correctional institutions operated or contracted by local, county or regional prison authorities within this Commonwealth. (3) Health care facilities, as defined in section 802.1 of the Health Care Facilities Act (35 P.S. 448.802a), including a general, chronic disease or other type of hospital; a home health care agency; a home care agency; a hospice; a long-term care nursing facility; a cancer treatment center; an ambulatory surgical facility or a birth center. (4) Any other facility licensed and regulated by the Department of Health or a successor agency. (5) A ‘‘facility,’’ as defined in section 1001 of the Human Services Code (62 P.S. 1001), including an adult day care center; child day care center; family child care home; boarding home for children; mental health establishment; personal care home; assisted living residence; nursing home, hospital or maternity home. (6) Any other facility licensed and regulated by the Department of Human Services or a successor agency. (7) Domiciliary care facilities, as defined in section 2202-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 581-2). (8) Older adult daily living centers, as defined in section 2 of the Older Adult Daily Living Centers Licensing Act (62 P.S. 1511.2). (9) Continuing-care provider facilities, as defined in section 3 of the Continuing-Care Provider Registration and Disclosure Act (40 P.S. 3203). (10) Federally-qualified health centers, as defined in section 1905(1)(2)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.A. 1369(1)(2)(B)). For purposes of this section, the term includes Federally-qualified health center lookalikes that do not receive grant funds under section 330 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C.A. 254b). (11) Public or private institutions under the jurisdiction of a Federal, State or local agency. (12) Free and reduced-fee nonprofit health clinics. (13) An office or clinic of a physician who is licensed by the State Board of Medicine under the Medical Practice Act of 1985 (63 P.S. 422.1—422.53) or by the State Board of Osteopathic Medicine under the Osteopathic Medical Practice Act (63 P.S. 271.1—271.18), that is located in a dental health professional shortage area, as determined by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources & Services Administration, and published on the Pennsylvania Department of Health’s web site at For purposes of this paragraph, an office or clinic of a physician includes a ‘‘satellite location’’ as defined in 18.122 (relating to definitions) or ‘‘satellite operations’’ as defined in 25.142 (relating to definitions). (14) A ‘‘facility,’’ as defined in 28 Pa. Code 701.1 (relating to general definitions) that is licensed by the Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs to provide drug and alcohol treatment services. (d) Recordkeeping. A public health dental hygiene practitioner shall maintain a dental record which accurately, legibly and completely reflects the dental hygiene services provided to the patient. The dental record must be retained for at least 5 years from the date of the last treatment entry. The dental record must include, at a minimum, the following: (1) The name and address of the patient and, if the patient is a minor, the name of the patient’s parents or legal guardian. (2) The date dental hygiene services are provided. (3) A description of the treatment or services rendered at each visit. (4) The date and type of radiographs taken, if any, and documentation demonstrating the necessity or justification for taking radiographs, as well as the radiographs themselves. (5) Documentation of the annual referral to a dentist.Authority 350c69d7ab


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