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Extinct Or Alive

The elusive creature is critically endangered: one category below extinct in the wild. Measuring around three-feet in length on average, compared to the 15ft to 20ft of its more famous counterpart the great white, the small shark lives throughout the coastal waters of the IndoPacific. Its habitat is thought to stretch from the coast of India to the Gulf of Oman, as well as rivers like the Hooghli in West Bengal and the Saigon in southern Vietnam.

Extinct or Alive

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A tortoise from a Galápagos species long believed extinct has been found alive and now confirmed to be a living member of the species. The tortoise, named Fernanda after her Fernandina Island home, is the first of her species identified in more than a century.

Following the reported rediscovery of the Zanzibar leopard, student Andrew Weier visited Unguja to investigate the claim. Rather than confirm it, he found no evidence for the real Zanzibar leopard, and instead found that other animals had started to be referred to as leopards (Weier, 2019). To me, this indicates that the real Zanzibar leopard is subconsciously acknowledged as extinct by the local people, which leaves a "leopard" hole which the locals are now filling with other species. A similar occurrence happened after the extinction of the Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) in the mid-17th century, when its name was transferred to the unrelated Red rail (Aphanapteryx bonasia) (Cheke, 2006). The Abstract from his project:

This article has consistently been the most popular web page on my website over the past two years, despite it also being home to the world's largest database of recently extinct, missing and rediscovered species and subspecies (10,600+) with over 3 millions words. Given that Forrest Galante continues to be a prominent television figure, having just released his latest yearly episode for Shark Week, this continued interest is both understandable and also justifies updating an article which I initially thought would have a short lifespan given its very negative portrayal of a man who seems to have rather a positive reputation among television audiences. So almost two years on, here it is.

Scientists thought coelacanth (pronounced see-la-canth) became extinct with the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, but in 1938 one was caught in the West Indian Ocean near South Africa. Another coelacanth was caught in 1998 on the coast of Indonesia.

Fossil specimens were unearthed in 1867 and it was considered extinct until a live terror skink was found in 1993. Another was discovered by a French museum specialist in 2003 then only a few more in 2009 and 2013. The last one was seen in 2018.

Takahes were discovered and classified by fossilized bones in 1847, then live takahes were captured in 1850 and 1898. After that, they disappeared due to colonists introducing predators such as cats and dogs. They were presumed extinct until 1948 when explorers led by Geoffrey Orbell found one in the Murchison Mountains.

This is what happened with the ant species Gracilidis. It was only known by a single amber-fused fossil and the species was considered extinct for over 15 million years. However in 2006 it appeared throughout South America.

The Bermuda Petrel was considered extinct since 1620, but over 300 years later 10 nesting pairs were found! They were discovered in the remote Castle Harbor islets on the south-eastern corner of Bermuda.

Their stories are incredible and many were pushed to the brink of extinction because humans overhunted them or destroyed their environments. Their stories are evidence that humans activity has a big impact on wildlife.

Extinct or Alive is an American wildlife documentary television programme produced for Animal Planet by Hot Snakes Media of New York City, the United States. It is hosted by conservation and television personality Forrest Galante, who travels to different locations around the globe to learn about possibly extinct animals and whether or not there is a chance that they may still be extant. The series has been involved in the possible rediscovery of eleven animals, namely the Zanzibar leopard, the Pondicherry Shark, the Fernandina Island Galápagos tortoise, the Miller's grizzled langur, the Yangtze giant softshell turtle, and the Rio Apaporis Caiman.

Earlier this year, biologist and wildlife adventurer Forrest Galante was a part of a history-making expedition in the Galapagos, where he and a team rediscovered the Fernandina Tortoise; a tortoise previously thought to have been extinct since 1906. On the heels of this incredible discovery, Forrest continues on with his mission, to find animals presumed to be extinct by scouring across the globe, often traveling to remote and often dangerous environments in order to prove their existence. Join Forrest on his quest in the all-new season of EXTINCT OR ALIVE, premiering Wednesday, October 23 at 9pm ET/PT.

EXTINCT OR ALIVE Season Two kicks off with the exciting voyage that found the Fernandina Tortoise, taking viewers behind the scenes of the history-making discovery, from the research and planning, to the physically grueling search, to the exhilarating moment the tortoise was found on a remote volcanic island in the Galapagos. While seeking out evidence and eyewitnesses to track and bring back to life creatures mistakenly labeled as extinct, Forrest also brings us up close to unique species of wildlife he encounters along the way.

Extinct or Alive, set to debut June 10, posits that the methods used to declare a species extinct are not as foolproof as people might assume. From eyewitness accounts to last known photographs, there is evidence that suggests some of these creatures are still very much alive in the wild. The show follows wildlife adventurer and biologist Forrest Galante as he explores the real stories behind animals thought to be gone forever and tries to prove their existence so he can protect them and help them thrive again.

If you haven't heard of the Tasmanian tiger, it's not because it's unworthy of discussion: it's famously not a feline but a dog-like marsupial, a predator that humans hunted to extinction. The last known specimen died in a zoo in 1936.

"Whatever you call it, this mythically beautiful carnivorous marsupial was a true masterpiece of biological advancement," the company says of the project. "Yet, the story of its extinction is a tragedy of human interference and aggression."

Humans have been blamed for the animal's extinction, especially after a bounty program was instituted in Tasmania to protect sheep and other animals. But in 2017, Andrew Pask, a biosciences professor, led research that found the thylacine also suffered from a lack of genetic diversity.

Boosting genetic diversity and helping ecosystems are the same reasons Beth Shapiro has cited in speaking in favor of using genetic editing. But while Colossal focuses on trying to bring back extinct animals, Shapiro suggests the focus should be on the wildlife we currently have that are struggling, such as the black-footed ferret (which was once thought to be extinct).

Forrest Galante heads to the Maldives to find the supposedly extinct pondicherry shark, a rare species last seen in the 1970s; unidentified sharks in the area have led many to believe they live, and Forrest is determined to prove they're not extinct.

Viewers can also enjoy missing out on the unique pains Galante and his team endure while out in the field searching for extinct animals. According to Galante, while working on the show, he has gotten used to getting 45 bee stings a day, been bitten by a shark, worked in 122 degree weather near an active volcano, spent days in darkness and gone into anaphylactic shock from a wasp sting.

Known as Cymatioa cooki, the clam had only ever been found as a fossil, and scientists presumed that the species had been extinct for more than 40,000 years. Then, while scouring tide pools for sea slugs off the coast of California in 2018, marine ecologist Jeff Goddard spotted something unfamiliar: a white, translucent bivalve roughly 11 millimeters in length.

Globally, wildfires are threatening ecosystems. Like in Australia, where one billion animals have been caught in the blaze and some may go extinct because of their scorched habitats, which ultimately affects humans.

There are 14 different species of giant Galápagos tortoise, all descended from a single ancestor - and all listed on the IUCN Red List as either vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered or extinct.

The earliest megalodon fossils (Otodus megalodon, previously known as Carcharodon or Carcharocles megalodon) date to 20 million years ago. For the next 13 million years the enormous shark dominated the oceans until becoming extinct just 3.6 million years ago.

We know that megalodon had become extinct by the end of the Pliocene (2.6 million years ago), when the planet entered a phase of global cooling. Precisely when the last megalodon died is not known, but new evidence suggests that it was at least 3.6 million years ago.

Scientists think that up to a third of all large marine animals, including 43% of turtles and 35% of sea birds, became extinct as temperatures cooled and the number of organisms at the base of the food chain plummeted, resulting in a knock-on effect to the predators at the top.

As the adult sharks were dependent on tropical waters, the drop in ocean temperatures likely resulted in a significant loss of habitat. It may also have resulted in the megalodon's prey either going extinct or adapting to the cooler waters and moving to where the sharks could not follow.

A third species of peccary, discovered in the Chaco of Paraguay, is added to the living members of family Tayassuidae. It is assigned to the genus Catagonus Ameghino, heretofore considered confined to the Pleistocene. The new peccary is conspecific with Catagonus wagneri (Rusconi), a species placed in the related extinct genus Platygonus LeConte when it was described from pre-Hispanic archeological deposits of Argentina. 041b061a72


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